The revival of Scotland began in 1759 with the birth of Robert Burns. He was born into poverty on a farm. From the age of 15 he wrote poems and songs. But his love life was a mess, and he was an unsuccessful farmer. Because Burns had financial difficulties and needed to make enough money to support his family, he took up an offer of work in Jamaica. He was due to set sail in September 1786.

In order to raise enough money for his passage to Jamaica, Burns borrowed a horse to ride to Edinburgh, where he sold the copyright to his poems. They were published as Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect’.

The book was a financial success and Burns decided to stay in Scotland. He continued to write poems and lyrics, as well as collecting and preserving many old Scottish songs. Robert Burns became famous and was known as the Ploughman Poet. In 1786 Burns met a 15-year-old boy called Walter Scott, who was most impressed by the Ploughman Poet. It is possible that Burns inspired Scott’s literary career. Scott wrote romanticised historical novels, set in Scotland. His books were very successful and helped give Scotland a new identity as a romantic, beautiful country